Moroni Caldwell 1873-1954
Moroni Caldwell 1873–1954
Harriet Hill Caldwell 1875-1962
The above-named persons married on 31 May 1900 at St. Anthony, Idaho, the county seat of that big Fremont County. Whether this union was performed before, or following the move of her parents to the community of Oasis, lying west of the Teton River in Fremont County, is not known. Her parents settled on a ranch surrendered, and or filed on homestead in Pack Saddle Canyon, and the newly weds took up property nearby within the time period of the move into this new region.
Harriet was but a young girl when leaving England with two older sisters, a younger brother and her parents in 1879. Pioneering in Cache Valley, Utah, then in the Upper Snake River Valley of Idaho between Rexburg and some north, proved a challenging experience. Everyone seemed to mature quickly and accept responsibilities in preserving life . Harriet had done well in school, and was given teaching opportunity as a sixteen-year-old girl. Such avocation was to be pursued in adulthood.
Six children were born to this couple, and she reared them well, besides being involved in the little community of Oasis, first called, but later through her impact to be called Richvale. About 1915, a branch of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints was organized, under this new name, and her husband Moroni Caldwell called to be the presiding elder. She. resumed teaching in the Richvale grade school.
Farming was done, likely with the Hill farming interests, always a full cooperation prevailing. However, they moved from the valley in later years. Moroni predeceasing his wife by at least eight years after having moved to Logan, Utah. A son-in-law bought their farm when they moved.
(The data above was provided to the compiler by various members of the Caldwell posterity. The names of the children, and those to whom they were married follows: Alice, who remained single;
Arthur to Idella Wood; Belle to Donald William Jardine; Ruth to Alden Thompson; Afton Bernice to Wayne H. Williams; Lee to Ruth Stromberg. Harriet H. Caldwell died 15 December, 1962.)
Moroni Caldwell served in the Spanish American war as private in Company E. the following information is taken from "History of Idaho, The Gem of the Mountains," James H. Hawley, Editor; Volume I; Illustrated; Chicago, The S. J. Clarke Publishing Company; 1920; Pages 566-574:
“On the same day that Congress formally declared war, telegrams were sent by the secretary of war to the governors of the several states advising them of the allotment of troops under the President's call for volunteers. . . . Idaho's quota was two battalions of infantry of four companies each.”
Company E “was raised in the eastern part of the state, most of the members coming from Fremont and Bonneville counties. . . Privates-Joseph Anderson, Charles Axtell, Howard S. Barclay, Charles C. Barnes, William A. Bell, Ernest Bieri, Frank Bint, John W. Bruce, William Burgess, Francis Burke, Eugene Carothers, Olaf Carlson, Moroni Caldwell,. . . .”
“On May 19, 1898, the regiment entrained at Boise under orders to proceed to San Francisco. There it remained in Camp Merritt until June 26, 1898, when it embarked on board the steamer Morgan City for the Philippine Islands. The Morgan City was an old passenger steamer that had been in the Alaska service, with no apparatus for distilling water, so the supply of drinking water was stored in tanks. Several cases of sickness occurred during the voyage, but no deaths except that of one man who went insane before embarking and jumped overboard. The Morgan City sailed into Manila Bay on the last day of July, and on August 6th the troops were landed at Parañaque.
“For about a week the regiment was stationed at Camp Dewey, serving part of the time on trench and outpost duty. At the battle of Manila, August 13, 1898, it was in the trenches before the city but was not actively engaged. On August 18, 1898, it occupied the barracks at Malate and during the remainder of the year was engaged in outpost and patrol duty. Early in February, 1899, The regiment became attached to the command of General King. It was during the same month that the long expected outbreak of the Filipinos commenced, and General King's command was attacked early in February at Santa Ana. This was one of the few engagements of the war in the Philippines in which the enemy fought in regular military formation.
“Major Edward McConville was the first man of the Idaho regiment to be killed. He was shot dead at the very commencement of the battle. Instead of being terrified by this the Idaho regiment was greatly incensed and an advance being ordered, they started on the double quick. General King, knowing that they were greatly outnumbered, feared the result and attempted to order them back, but the Idaho boys continued their advance and the General finally said, "There go the Idaho savages and all hell cannot stop them," and made no further effort for their recall.
“In this charge the regiment killed hundreds of the enemy and hundreds more were drowned in the Passig River in their attempts to cross and thus evade the fire of the Idaho troops. Two Krupp field guns that had been used by the insurgents were captured in this charge. The Idaho Legislature at its next session addressed a memorial to Congress asking that these guns be presented to the State of Idaho as a trophy of the valor of her sons on the field of battle, but the request was not granted. . . .
“On February 10, 1899, the Idaho regiment participated in the battle of Caloocan, in which the enemy suffered another severe defeat. The action at Malaban followed and in both of these battles the boys from Idaho distinguished themselves by their bravery and discipline. The regiment was then put upon outpost and patrol duty in the district of San Pedro Macati and continued in this work until April, at which time a portion of the regiment accompanied General Lawton on the Laguna Bay expedition and took part in the fighting at Santa Cruz on April 9th and 10th. The remainder of the service in the Philippiines (sic) was mainly an attempt to establish order, slight scrimmages with the insurgents occurring almost every day. On July 29, 1899, the insurrection being practically ended and a large number of the volunteers engaged in the war having already recrossed the Pacific, the Idaho boys were ordered home and reached San Francisco on August 29, 1899. . .
“The war in the Philippines was fought in the main by troops from the Pacific Coast. California, Oregon, Washington, Montana, Utah and Idaho all had regiments, or portions of regiments, in the service.”